Britain’s Queen Elizabeth II Celebrates 92nd Birthday
Britain’s Queen Elizabeth II, Queen of the United Kingdom and the other Commonwealth realms celebrates her 92nd birthday in just a few days, a tremendous milestone for anyone and especially for someone as notable, and loved all around the world like her. Below we take a look back at her tremendous and somewhat unbelievable life.
Now married for more than 60 years, Queen Elizabeth II first met her future husband Prince Philip when she was just thirteen years old at the wedding of his cousin, Princess Marina of Greece. It was love at first sight for the young royal, and she remained devoted to the handsome 18-year-old, writing him letters throughout her teenage years. In 1946, the couple turned secretly engaged – a controversial resolution since Queen Elizabeth II’s family had been opposed to her marrying at such a young age. But in April 1947, her father, King George VI, lastly gave them permission to wed, and Philip gave up his Greek citizenship and title and took on the surname Mountbatten.
Philip reportedly proposed to his bride-to-be during a stroll around the grounds of Balmoral, presenting Queen Elizabeth II with a platinum engagement ring with a big sq. diamond at its center and smaller diamonds on both sides. More than 2,000 visitors have been in attendance as Elizabeth and Philip grew to become husband and wife at Westminster Abbey on November 20, 1947. The first royal festivity since the top of World Conflict II, the wedding was celebrated across the country.
Her father King George VI died at the age of 56 on February 6, 1952, when Elizabeth was visiting Kenya. Prince Philip was the individual to break the news to Elizabeth, who was just 25 years old at the time. She famously went to sleep in the Treetops Resort a princess and got up as a queen then rushed again back to Britain. Winston Churchill was her first prime minister and brought his experience to bear. Queen Elizabeth II was crowned in London’s Westminster Abbey on June 2, 1953. It was the first main televised international event and sales of units surged as people gathered in their living rooms to watch the ceremony. She became the 40th monarch since William the Conqueror was crowned in 1066.?She has been head of state of 32 realms, now standing at 16 together with Britain.
Prince Philip was the first to swear allegiance to the brand new queen, and turning into consort to his spouse spelled the tip of Philip?s Royal Navy career, and years later, when Philip?s biographer Gyles Brandreth asked him how he thought he was perceived, he replied: ?I don?t know. A refugee husband, I suppose?. In 1992, the Queen had what she has famously described as an ?annus horribilis?, or ?horrible year?. The royal couple also had to face numerous other close bereavements over the years. Notably, the dying of the Queen Mom in 2002, and the demise of the Queen?s sister Princess Margaret in the same year.
In the six decades since, Queen Elizabeth II has been a symbol of constancy as Britain’s empire dwindled, throughout the Cold Struggle and via the massive social upheavals between the post-struggle gloom and the digital age. She has held the throne longer than any British monarch before her, surpassing her late great-grandmother Queen Victoria. As of now, she is the longest-serving head of state on the earth, despite rising criticism of the royal family from the media.?Victoria was the daughter of Edward, Duke of Kent, who was the fourth son of King George III.
Her name wasn?t actually Victoria. When Victoria was born her uncle, the Prince Regent (the longer term George IV) had prohibited the royal names Charlotte, Elizabeth or Georgina. Victoria was therefore named ?Alexandrina? after her godfather, the Russian Tsar Alexander I. Her second name, Victoria, was after her mother, Princess Victoria of Saxe-Coburg-Saalfeld. For most of her childhood Victoria was subsequently generally known as ?Drina?, and up till her coronation, many in the general public have been unsure of her official identify.?It due to this fact seemed very unlikely that Edward, or any of his kids, would end up being the monarch as seven individuals needed to die in order for her to become queen.
The concept of the “royal household” originated in the course of the nineteenth century with Prince Albert, Queen Victoria, and their nine kids. Since then, not only is a queen or a king accountable for the British Empire, however a whole extended household. The Windsors have modernized and perfected this concept. At this time, the Queen even accepts Camilla, the second spouse of son Charles, into the household circle.
Most people believe that the Queen’s biggest achievement has been her restraint. She could have power but she would not use it, choosing instead to observe and listen. This has gained her huge respect and contributed to world stability. Second, has been her give attention to duty, which she has ensured is understood by other members of the family. Third, people have been impressed by how the British royal family adapted to changing expectations (albeit conservatively). They accepted a dramatic discount in earnings, adopted technologies like the web and recently there have been unheard of levels of entry to the Queen’s everyday life so as to satisfy people’s expectations of public figures. She’s handled Australia’s inevitable transfer to a republic with grace and no personal offense. Actually, Australia chose to make no change whereas she was on the throne, which shows a great deal of respect. Queen Elizabeth II’s rule is all the more fascinating for it has covered the incredible transformative period in the lives of ladies. She has been the last working mom and surely Charles wasn’t easy.
However, it wasn’t always rainbows and butterflies, the royal family has suffered some low points and turbulences during the Queen’s reign. Her eldest son Prince Charles separated from Diana following a tell-all book, her second son Prince Andrew and her daughter Princess Anne are both divorced, while Windsor Castle was extensively damaged by fire. Diana’s death also rocked the royal household to its core and had many people criticizing the royal family and till this day questioning if they had anything to do with it. The Queen was also criticised for maintaining the house mourning privately within the Scottish Highlands, a move designed to shelter Diana’s younger sons, reasonably than decamping to London.
When Princess Diana died in a car crash in 1997, only one 12 months after her divorce from Prince Charles, the response from the royal family came under criticism from the general public. Under pressure to display her grief, the Queen made an unprecedented Tv broadcast in which she described Diana as an ?exceptional and gifted human being?. ?I admired and respected her,? she said, ?for her vitality and dedication to others, and especially for her devotion to her two boys.?. The Queen was later accused by some of not expressing sufficient sadness.
After his father’s inglorious divorce and the tragic loss of life of his mother, the private life of the queen’s grandson William has drawn high media scrutiny. In Kate Middleton he has chosen a companion who can and does fulfill her position within the royal household, two younger heirs included. The most recent Windsor offspring has turned into media phenomena at a very younger age. The “Prince George impact” describes Prince George’s influence on business and pop tradition, that means whatever George wears sells. At the early age of two, the prince has made GQ Magazine’s checklist of the 50 Greatest Dressed Men in Britain.
The Queen and Prince Philip have eight grandchildren in whole – Prince William of Wales, Prince Harry of Wales, Peter Phillips, Zara Tindall (nee Phillips), Princess Beatrice of York, Princess Eugenie of York, Lady Louise Windsor and James, Viscount Severns. In 2012, the Duke and Duchess of Cambridge?s announcement that they had been expecting a baby sparked an outstanding change in royal precedent. The Queen introduced a brand new rule on royal succession which meant that if the new child was a woman, she would turn into the third in line to the throne (and not be overtaken by any future youthful brothers). Because it was, the child turned out to be a boy, who was named George. The Duke and Duchess of Cambridge later went on to have a baby girl Charlotte, in 2015, and are currently anticipating a third little one – the Queen and Prince Philip?s sixth great-grandchild.
Every year, the Queen tours Britain and the Commonwealth and reiterates her vows of service. Road parties are held across the land, with folks getting out their houses and putting tables in the streets. The celebrations are always a ray of sunshine amidst the economic gloom.
?Check out the mozaic below for Queen Elizabeth II’s life in pictures
Regardless of the changing occasions and the very public ups and downs of the royal household, Queen Elizabeth II remains a popular figure and might even live to be essentially the most recognized woman on the planet.